The macula is the central part of the retina. It is located directly behind the pupil at the back of the eye. It is the most sensitive part of the retina as it providing detailed vision and colour vision. You read, recognize faces, thread a needle, drive a car and watch TV with your macula. Diseases of the macula can affect all of these functions.
Macular degeneration is a condition where the portion of the retina that is responsible for detailed vision such as reading or recognizing faces (called the macula) is damaged. There are two forms of macular degeneration – wet macular degeneration and dry macular degeneration.
Ask us to provide you with an Amsler grid that can be used for regular self-checks at home. Darling Downs Optometrist can further test with an extensive examination that includes looking at the back of the eye, taking retinal photos and a non-invasive OCT scan at $59.00 if required.
Currently there is no treatment for the dry form of macular degeneration. Wet macular degeneration can be treated with a regular schedule of intravitreal injections. Ultraviolet protection (with wrap-around sunglasses and a wide brimmed hat), a diet rich in anti-oxidants (leafy green and red/yellow vegetables, corn, eggs and fish) and not smoking all help to reduce the risk of AMD progressing.